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Environmental control

Lake water

Hygienic indicator bacteria (mainly E. coli, enterococci) are the main monitoring targets in natural waters for assessing hygienic risk of municipal and industrial waste waters. However, they can be used in far more efficient way. If we start analysis with sample enrichment and use phetotype analysis, we can even distinguish waste waters from different sources in lake water using the same indicator bacteria.

Tap water

Irrigation water

The screening of campylobacteria in Burkina Faso, West Africa 2011 (National Institute of Health and Welfare, Finnoflag Oy).

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Sediment-water interface

Simulation of sediment-water interface in studies concerning sulphate load from mining industry (Yara Finland Oy, Finnoflag Oy, Savo-Karjalan Ympäristötutkimus Oy)